Matthias Schoenaerts and Marion Cotillard by Jean-Baptiste Mondino | Audrey Hepburn as Pearl White by Bert Stern | Kevin Spacey by Miller Mobley | Salma Hayek by Driu and Tiago | Danny Devito by Joey Lawrence | David Cronenberg by Caitlin Cronenberg | Sandra Bullock by Andrew Eccles | Emily Blunt by Patrick Hoelck | Uma Thurman and Quentin Tarantino on the set of Kill Bill | Jennifer Lawrence by Mark Seliger | Emmy Rossum by Andrew MacPherson | Amy Adams by Annie Leibovitz | Cecil B. DeMille and Billy Wilder on the set of Sunset Blvd | Javier Bardem by Manuel Outumuro | Anna Kendrick by Chris Craymer | Julia Stiles by Steve Shaw | Jessica Chastain by Annie Leibovitz | Ben Stiller by Matt Hoyle | Marilyn Monroe by Ben Ross | Anna Kendrick by John Russo | Donald Sutherland by Robert Mapplethorpe | Alison Brie by Avi Brosh | Diane Kruger by Peter Hapak | Liv Tyler by Michael Thompson. | George Clooney by Andy Gotts | Woody Allen by Platon | Amber Heard by Ellen von Unwerth | Mila Kunis by Michael Thompson | Ingmar Bergman by Charles Azoulay | Mila Kunis by Michael Thompson | Selena Gomez by Dusan Reljin | Vampira by Dennis Stock | Mads Mikkelsen by Carlos Serrao | Greta Garbo by Edward Steichen, 1928 | Kristen Wiig by Carter Smith | Natalie Portman by Frederic Auerbach | Dakota Fanning by Randall Slavin | Marion Cotillard by Mark Squires | Marilyn Monroe by Willy Rizzo | Will Farrell by Mark Seliger | Jimmy Stewart and Alfred Hitchcock during the filming of “The Man Who Knew Too Much” | Audrey Hepburn, Mel Ferrer & Truman Capote in a photobooth | Cameron Diaz by Vincent Peters | Lucy Liu by Antoine Verglas | Ben Affleck by Greg Gorman | Penelope Cruz by Annie Leibovitz | Cameron Diaz by Camilla Akrans | Tim Burton, Albert Finney and Jessica Lange on the set of Big Fish | Marilyn Monroe by Philippe Halsman | Gary Oldman by Nigel Parry | Tom Hanks by Andy Gotts | Alice Cooper & Salvador Dali | Isabella Rossellini by Helmut Newton | Stanley Kubrick & Malcolm McDowell on the set of A Clockwork Orange | Anne Hathaway by Ruven Afanador | Jessica Alba by Greg Lotus | Paul and Stella McCartney by Harry Benson | Salvador Dali on the set of Spellbound directed by Alfred Hitchcock, 1945 | Marilyn Monroe by Ted Baron | Marilyn Monroe by Cecil Beaton | Matthew McConaughey by Luke Fontana | On the set of Planet Of The Apes - 1968 | Jessica Alba by Greg Lotus | Uma Thurman and Quentin Tarantino on the set Pulp Fiction | Denzel Washington by Annie Leibovitz | Martin Scorsese by Patrick Swirc | R2-D2 by Annie Leibovitz | Anna Kendrick by Carter Smith | Helena Bonham Carter by Greg Williams | Jack Nicholson by Annie Leibovitz | Kate Winslet by Daniel Jackson | Scarlett Johansson by Sheryl Nields | Marion Cotillard by Mark Seliger | Joseph Gordon-Levitt by Christian Witkin | Julianne Moore by Ruven Afanador | Chaka Khan by Christian Witkin | Laura Prepon by Ruven Afanador | Sean Connery by Anne Leibovitz | Angelina Jolie by Frank Ockenfels | Kirsten Dunst by Cliff Watts | Emily Blunt by John Phillips | Jeremy Irons by Simon Emmett | Helena Bonham-Carter by Andy Gotts | 3 Stooges, Clark Gable and Ted Healy | Katharine Hepburn by Ernest Bachrach 1932 | Christopher Walken by Mary Ellen Matthews | Monica Bellucci by Helmut Newton | Sharon Stone by Steve Sands | Tom Hardy by Sarah J. Edwards | Keira Knightley by Tom Munro | Cate Blanchett by Jay L. Clendenin | Helena Bonham Carter by Dominick Guillemot | Uma Thurman by Craig McDean | Drew Barrymoore by Sante d’Orazio | Scarlett Johansson by Michael Thompson | Angelina Jolie by Hedi Slimane | Jack Nicholson by Carlos Serrao | Cary Grant on the top of the Hotel Raphael in Paris, 1956 | Audrey Hepburn by Cecil Beaton | Jared Leto by Eric Ray Davidson | Angelina Jolie by Patrick Demarchelier | Leonardo Dicaprio by David Lachapelle | Isabella Rossellini by Steven Meisel | Marilyn Monroe and Eli Wallach on the set of The Misfits | Helena Bonham Carter by John Swannell | Audrey Hepburn in Los Angeles, 1954 | Scarlett Johansson by Paolo Roversi | Yvonne Strahovski by Luke Stambouliah | Marilyn Monroe by Sam Shaw | Emma Watson by Carter Smith | Britney Spears by Herb Ritts | Cate Blanchett by Dick Leary | Marilyn Monroe by Sam Shaw | Evan Rachel Wood by Andrew Eccles | Robin Wright and Kevin Spacey by Kirk McKoy | Emma Stone by Robert Ascroft | Lizzy Caplan by Jana Crude | Steve Carell by Mark Seliger | Scarlett Johansson by Alex Hoerner | Dennis Hopper by Dennis Stock | Peter Dinklage by Peter Yang | Wes Anderson on the set of Moonrise Kingdom | Sofia Vergara by Marc Hom | Kristen Stewart by Craig McDean | Akira Kurosawa filming Sanjuro | Keira Knightley by Mario Testino | Emily Blunt by Alexi Lubomirski | Jimmy Fallon by Annie Leibovitz | Angelina Jolie by Hedi Slimane | Colin Firth by Francesco Carrozzini | Scarlett Johansson by Alex Hoerner | Bill Murray in the set of Fantastic Mr. Fox | Lauren Bacall by Louise Dahl-Wolfe | James Mason by Ian Smith | Marion Cotillard by Jan Welters | Alyson Hannigan by Stephen Danelian | Keira Knightley by Thomas Whiteside | Marion Cotillard by Craig McDean | Julianne Moore by Driu & Tiago | Marilyn Monroe by Phil Burchman | Zooey Deschanel by Robert Trachtenberg | Daniel Craig and Rooney Mara by Jean-Baptiste Mondino | James Brown by Jean-Marie Périer | Kaley Cuoco by Robert Trachtenberg | Quentin Tarantino by Ruven Afanador | Colin Firth by Lorenzo Agius | Peter Dinklage by Peter Hapak | Glenn Strange and Lon Chaney Jr. on the set of Bud Abbott Lou Costello Meet Frankenstein | Jennifer Lawrence by Graham Mitchell | Jessica Chastain by Benoît Peverelli | Kirsten Dunst by Annie Leibovitz | Salma Hayek by Warwick Saint | Cameron Diaz by Tom Munro | Harold Ramis, Bill Murray, Dan Aykroyd, Joe Medjuck, Rick Moranis and Annie Potts on the set of Ghostbusters | Madonna by Steve Meisel | Mads Mikkelsen by Benoît Peverelli | Max Ophuls on the set of Lola Montes by Raymond Voinquel 1955 | Jackie Coogan and Charlie Chaplin in The Kid | Kirsten Dunst by Juergen Teller | Black Cat Auditions In Hollywood by Ralph Crane, 1961 | Scarlett Johansson by Yariv Milchan | Godzilla Taking a Break | Audrey Hepburn by Richard Avedon | Alfred Hitchcock on the set of "Vertigo" | Bill Murray in Lost in Translation (2003) | Eartha Kitt by Russell Westwood | Brigitte Bardot by Henri Dauman | Johnny Depp by Wayne Maser | Baz Luhrmann and Leonardo DiCaprio during rehearsal for The Great Gatsby | Jeff Bridges by Michael Muller | Andy Warhol paints Debbie Harry on an Amiga at the Commodore Amiga product launch press conference in 1985 | Alfred Hitchcock, Grace Kelly, and Cary Grant on the set of "To Catch a Thief" | Leonardo DiCaprio by Kirk McKoy | Mila Kunis by Emily Shur | Madonna by Helmut Newton | Malcolm McDowell & Stanley Kubrick on the set of "A Clockwork Orange" | Andy Samberg by Matt Hoyle | Amy Adams by Vincent Peters | Steven Spielberg and Kathleen Kennedy on the set of Jurassic Park | King Kong (1976) | Marilyn Monroe by John Florea | Katy Perry by Matt Jones | Scarlett Johansson by Mario Sorrenti | Tim Burton, Johnny Depp and Sarah Jessica Parker on the set of Ed Wood | Rachel Weisz by Marcus Mam | Jon Hamm by Sam Jones | Marilyn Monroe by Harold Lloyd | Meryl Streep by Herb Ritts | Marlon Brando and Bernardo Bertolucci on-set of Last Tango in Paris | Amy Adams by Juergen Teller | Johnny Depp Polaroid mosaic by Maurizio Galimberti | Monica Bellucci by Fabrice Dall’Anese | Sergei Eisenstein by Aleksandr Grinberg | Alfred Hitchcock on the set of "Dial M for Murder" | Clint Eastwood on the set of High Plains Drifter, 1973 | Eva Green by Fabrice Dall'Anese | Monica Bellucci by Norman Jean Roy | Evan Rachel Wood by Andrew Eccles | Michael Douglas by Martin Schoeller | Marion Cotillard by Pari Dukovic | Tim Roth by Christian Witkin | Chris Farley by Chris Buck | Johnny Depp by Chris Buck | Drew Barrymore by Craig de Cristo | Anne Hathaway by Marc Hom | Elle Fanning by Craig McDean | Marilyn Monroe by Milton Greene | Amy Adams by Joe Pugliese | Kurt Russell and Bob Denver on Gilligan's Island | Emma Stone by Craig McDean | Nicole Kidman by Greg Kadel | Marilyn Monroe by Eve Arnold | Adrian Brody by Frank W. Ockenfels | Kate Upton by Mario Testino | Orson Welles by Douglas Kirkland | Christina Ricci by Mary Ellen Mark | Kate Winslet by Daniel Jackson | Zoe Saldana by Jill Greenberg | Sylvester Stallone, Djimon Hounsou, Forest Whitaker, Robert Downey Jr., Jessica Biel, and Tobey Maguire by Annie Leibovitz | Anne Hathaway by Marc Hom | Eva Green by Ellen von Unwerth | Eva Green by Paolo Roversi | Hugh Laurie by Robert Trachtenberg | Marilyn Monroe by Ernest Bachrach | Marion Cotillard by Eliott Bliss | Jodie Foster by Helmut Newton | Sofia Coppola by Jean-Baptiste Mondino | Tom Hiddleston by Max Vadukul | Ian McKellen and Patrick Stewart by Luke Fontana | Alfred Hitchcock directs Frenzy, 1971 | Scarlett Johansson by Craig McDean | Salma Hayek by Mark Anderson | Christian Slater by Murdo Macleod | Famke Janssen by David Needleman | Keira Knightley by Donald McPherson | Anna Kendrick by Eric Ogden | Drew Barrymore by Craig de Cristo | Keira Knightley by Emily Hope | Marilyn Monroe by Alfred Eisenstaedt | Fred Astaire and his dancing shoes. | A Young Girl plays in a Replica of a Lunar-module in Toronto, Canada, August 1975 by Robert Madden | Uma Thurman by Michel Comte | Natalie Portman by Mert and Marcus | Julianne Moore by Annie Leibovitz | David Lynch by Krijn van Noordwijk | Amy Adams by Marc Hom | Angelina Jolie by Marc Hom | Matthew McConaughey by Marc Hom | Anna Kendrick by Eric Ogden | Leonardo DiCaprio by Hugh Stewart | Alfred Hitchcock with Tippi Hedren by Philippe Halsman | Marx Brothers, 1908 | George Lucas and Amrish Puri on the set of Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom | Lea Seydoux by Eric Guillemain | Nicole Kidman by Greg Kadel | Cillian Murphy by James White | Anna Farris by Patrick Hoelck | Jamie Lee Curtis on the set of Halloween | Rachel Weisz by Annie Leibovitz | Robert De Niro by Andy Gotts | Ellen Page by Olivia Malone | Ellen Page by Olivia Malone | Angelina Jolie by Hedi Slimane | Grace Kelly and Cary Grant. To Catch a Thief 1955 | Elizabeth Olsen by Hunter & Gatti | Christina Hendricks by James White | Francis Ford Coppola, Marlon Brando, and Al Pacino on the set of The Godfather | Marilyn Monroe by Philippe Halsman | Angelina Jolie by Heidi Slimane | Penelope Cruz by Tom Munro | Salvador Dali by Philippe Halsman | Quentin Tarantino, Samuel L. Jackson & Maria de Medeiros on the set of “Pulp Fiction” | Marilyn Monroe by Milton Greene | Bela Lugosi and Boris Karloff | Scarlett Johansson by Annie Liebovitz | David Lynch by Miles Aldridge | Robert De Niro by Jérôme Bonnet | Kate Mara by John Russo | Penelope Cruz By Kristian Schuller | Daniel Craig by Greg Williams | Demi Moore by Ellen Von Unwerth | Kate Winslet by Tom Munro | Scarlett Johansson by Craig McDean | Javier Bardem & Penélope Cruz by Mario Testino | Johnny Depp by Bruce Weber | Kate Winslet by Miguel Reveriego | Bill Nighy by Lorenzo Agius | Scarlett Johansson by Craig McDean | Emma Watson by Boo Georges | Joan Crawford and Clark Gable | Cobie Smulders by David Gubert | Keri Russell by Ellen von Unwerth | Audrey Hepburn by Richard Avedon | Naomi Watts by Greg Williams | Natalie Wood by Ralph Crane | Natalie Wood by Ralph Crane | Marilyn Monroe by Bert Stern - Last photo shoot 1962 | Natalie Wood as Gypsy Rose Lee in Gypsy (1962) | Daniel Day Lewis on his wife Rebecca Miller | Rosario Dawson by James White | Gillian Anderson by Rankin | Kate Mara by Brooke Nipar | Gillian Anderson by Rankin | Barbra Streisand and Omar Shariff on the set of "Funny Girl", (1968) | Nicole Kidman by Emma Summerton | Ocean's 11 | Charlie Chaplin, Douglas Fairbanks, & Mary Pickford | Audrey Hepburn on the set of Sabrina by Mark Shaw | Natalie Portman by Frederic Auerbach | Emma Stone by Craig McDean | Cary Grant by Milton Greene | Ethan Hawke by Firooz Zahedi | Emma Watson by Ellen Von Unwerth | Kate Mara by Kurt Iswarienko | Daniel Craig by Jean Baptiste Mondino. | John Waters and David Lynch meet outside of Bob’s Big Boy restaurant in Los Angeles | Anna Kendrick by Mary Ellen Matthews | Scarlett Johansson by Craig McDean | Uma Thurman by Firooz Zahedi | Christopher Walken by Platon | Scarlett Johansson by Paolo Roversi | Marion Cotillard by Alex Prager | Keri Russell by Ellen von Unwerth | Javier Bardem by Brigitte Lacombe | Jennifer Connelly by Sebastian Kim | Mary Elizabeth Winstead by Dove Shore | Natalie Portman by Frederic Auerbach | Alfred Hitchcock on the set of NORTH BY NORTHWEST | Keira Knightley by Norman Jean Roy | Anthony Hopkins by Jim McHugh | Drew Barrymore by Ellen von Unwerth | Steve Buscemi by Dan Winters | Olivia Wilde by Markus Klinko & Indrani | Marcello Mastroianni by Pierluigi Praturlon | George Clooney by Emma Summerton | Christina Hendricks by Tony Duran | Angelina Jolie by James White | Danny Trejo by Eric Morales | Angelina Jolie by James White | Laura Harring by Jadran Lazic | Paz Vega by Bujan Marta | Kristen Bell by Randall Slavin | Scarlett Johansson by Tom Munro | Charlize Theron by Carter Smith | Sarah Michelle Gellar by Nino Munoz | Rosario Dawson by James White | Nicole Kidman by James White | Gary Oldman by Platon | Scarlett Johansson by Tom Munro | Keri Russell by Andrew Eccles | Julianne Moore by Michael Thompson | Christina Hendricks by James White | Scarlett Johansson by Tom Munro | Cameron Diaz by Simon Emmett | Leonardo DiCaprio by Yu Tsai | Marilyn Monroe by Cecil Beaton | Diane Kruger by Simon Emmett | Kate Upton by Annie Leibovitz | Rachel Weisz by Lorenzo Agius. | Johnny Depp by Marc Hom | Christina Hendricks by Tony Duran | Grace Kelly by Peter Basch | Goldie Hawn by Robert Erdmann | Mila Kunis by Robert Erdmann | Samuel L Jackson by Scott McDermott | Natalie Portman by Frederic Auerbach | Jennifer Connelly by Will Davidson | Marion Cotillard by Jean-Baptiste Mondino | Brad Pitt by Mario Testino | Scarlett Johansson by Peter Lindbergh | Cary Grant by Robert Coburn | Naomi Watts by Will Davidson | Dean Martin, Sammy Davis Jr., and Frank Sinatra by Phil Stern | Jack Black, Ben Stiller and Robert Downey Jr. By Jake Chessum | Javier Bardem by Nigel Parry | Marilyn Monroe in Las Vegas by Elliot Erwitt | Steve Buscemi by Antoine Le Grand | Keira Knightley by Annie Leibovitz | Daniel Craig by Annie Leibovitz | Penélope Cruz by Annie Leibovitz | Christina Hendricks by Yelena Yemchuk | Eadweard Muybridge greeting Strongman Bill Brandt | Kevin Bacon by Patella Brothers | Scarlett Johansson by Alasdair McLellan | Mary Elizabeth Winstead by Micaela Rossato | Liam Neeson by Paola Kudacki | Kevin Bacon by Patella Brothers | Tony Curtis and Janet Leigh by Milton Greene | Kim Kardashian & Kanye West by Annie Leibovitz | Jane Russell By George Hurrell | Scarlett Johansson by Alasdair McLellan | Marlon Brando in On the Waterfront | Henry Cavill by Zack Snyder | Anne Hathaway by David Slijper | On the set of Titanic | Bruce Campbell & Sam Raimi | Sammy Davis Jr by Burt Glinn | Chiwetel Ejiofor and Don Cheadle by Carlos Serrao | Alfred Hitchcock by Otto Ludwig Bettmann | Dick Van Dyke and Mary Tyler Moore on the set of The Dick Van Dyke Show | Jimmy Stewart and twin daughters | Marion Cotillard by Jean-Baptiste Mondino | Salvador Dali by Philippe Halsman | Matthew McConaughey by Williams & Hirakawa | Hugo Weaving by Hugh Stewart | Natalie Portman by Robert Erdmann | Angelina Jolie by Patrick Demarchelier | U.S. NASA, 1960s by JR Eyerman | Scarlett Johansson by Tzema Yeste | Leonardo DiCaprio by Hugh Stewart | Kirsten Dunst by Matthew Brookes | On the set of Inception | Martin Scorsese by Annie Lebovitz | Britney Spears by Michael Thompson | Nicolas Cage by Nancy Ellison | Clint Eastwood by Martin Shoeller | Matthew McConaughey by Jim Wright | Chiwetel Ejiofor by Nadav Kander | E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial and the creator, Carlo Rambaldi | David Lynch by Michael Muller | January Jones by Ben Hassett | Monica Bellucci by Vincent Peters | Elisabeth Moss by Cass Bird | Lizzy Caplan by Autumn de Wilde | Greta Garbo by Clarence Sinclair Bull | Jennifer Connelly by Will Davidson | Kate Winslet by Annie Leibovitz | Tim Burton, Vincent Price and Johnny Depp on Edward Scissorhands | Sigourney Weaver by Helmut Newton | Kirsten Dunst by Mario Testino | Amanda Seyfried by Craig McDean | Jack Nicholson by Andre Rau | Peter Jackson on the set of Braindead by Michael Coote | Anna Kendrick by Chris Pizzello | Annie Leibovitz by Annie Leibovitz | Shirley Temple and Cary Grant on the set of "The Bachelor and the Bobby Soxer" | Salma Hayek by Pamela Hanson | Sidney Poitier, Tony Curtis, Sammy Davis Jr and Jack Lemmon on the lot of Goldwyn Studios by Phil Stern, 1959 | Monica Bellucci by Matthew Rolston | Mary Pickford - 2nd Academy Awards - Best Actress in Coquette. Character: Norma Besant | Kirsten Dunst by David Armstrong | Rooney Mara by Mikael Jansson | Diane Kruger by Rankin | Christina Hendricks by Miles Aldridge | Stanley Kubrick and Sue Lyon on the set of Lolita | Margot Robbie by Kai Z Feng | Martin Scorsese behind the scenes of his first feature Who’s That Knocking At My Door | Francis Ford Coppola, Irvin Kershner, Akira Kurosawa, Steven Spielberg, George Lucas, Carroll Ballard by Roger Ressmeyer, 1980 | Matthew McConaughey by Eric Ogden | Ralph Fiennes by Matthew Brookes | Helena Bonham Carter by Jillian Edelstein | Jack Nicholson by Alex Majoli | Ursula Andress by Philippe Halsman | Philip Seymour Hoffman by Bruce Davidson | Sylvester Stallone by Michel Comte | Angelina Jolie, Shiloh & Pax By Brad Pitt | Quentin Tarantino on the set of Jackie Brown | Joseph Gordon-Levitt by Sam Jones | Leonardo DiCaprio by Kurt Iswarienko | Continuity polaroids of Gillian Anderson and David Duchovny on the set of The X-Files. | Monica Bellucci by Ellen von Unwerth | Mila Kunis by Tom Munro | Lupita Nyong'o by Tom Munro | Cate Blanchett by Annie Leibovitz | Alfred Hitchcock in his wine cellar, by Phil Stern | Marilyn Monroe by Philippe Halsman | Tony Curtis in makeup on the set of Some Like It Hot, 1959 | Lupita Nyong’o by David Slijper | Akira Kurosawa and Toshiro Mifune on the set of Sanjuro (1962) | Kristen Stewart by Norman Jean Roy | Ben Affleck by Kurt Iswarienko | Julianne Moore by Kurt Iswarienko | Gary Oldman by Lorenzo Agius | Brad Pitt by Nadav Kander | Tim Burton by Nicolas Guerin | John Goodman by Nathan Congleton | Paul Newman by Roddy McDowall | Buster Keaton as Hamlet by Clarence Sinclair Bull | Jon Hamm by Mark Seliger | Kat Dennings by Isaac Sterling | Kevin Spacey by Andrew Eccles | Cobie Smulders by Kayt Jones | Brad Pitt by Mark Seliger | Jennifer Connelly by Ben Hassett | Scarlett Johansson by Benjamin Alexander Huseby | Clara Bow on the set of The Lawful Cheater, 1925 | Federico Fellini filming 8 1/2, 1963 | Ella Fitzgerald and Louis Armstrong by Phil Stern | James Dean by Roy Schatt | Bill Murray by Peggy Sirota | Nicole Kidman by Peggy Sirota | Kirsten Dunst by David Lachapelle | Rachel Weisz by Platon Antoniou | Mark Hamill on the set of Return of the Jedi | Hollywood Heavyweigths: 1972 | Javier Bardem by Marc Hom | Alison Brie by Andrew MacPherson | Ethan Hawke by Michael Friberg | Liv Tyler by Signe Vilstrup | Amy Adams by Mathieu Cesar | Matthias Schoenaerts and Marion Cotillard by Jean-Baptiste Mondino

Sony a7S Astrophotography Review

Ian Norman delivers an incredibly in-depth review of the new Sony a7S – a camera renowned for low light which should be a great candidate for astrophotography.


As soon as the Sony a7S was announced, I knew I had to try it for astrophotography. With a full frame sensor and ISO 409600, is it the best low light camera out there?


The Sony a7S is the third variation of the full-frame mirrorless a7 series of cameras that Sony has recently released. First Sony released the 24.3 megapixel a7 and 36.4 megapixel a7R, the first mirrorless cameras with full-frame 24mm x 36mm sensors. The recently released a7S seems like sort of the oddball of the three a7 variations: It has only a 12.2 megapixel sensor and at the time of this writing, it costs almost $1000 more than the a7 and $200 more than the much higher resolution a7R. But with that 12.2 megapixel sensor comes some distinct advantages, especially for low-light photography and video.

12.2 Megapixels

With the a7S, it seems like you’re paying more for less. But even with a sensor resolution that is a third the resolution of the cheaper a7R, the a7S offers two things in return: sensitivity and 4K video (sort of*). The A7s has larger pixels than pretty much any consumer level full-frame digital camera. The larger pixel size means that each pixel can collect physically more light. The more light per pixel, the better the signal to noise ratio for that pixel and so that pixel will more accurately detect the incoming light than a smaller pixel would. This means that, all other things being equal, the A7s should be capable of the best per pixel signal-to-noise ratio of any production camera. This means that it should arguably be the best camera for astrophotography yet.

PetaPixel | Read the Full Article

Adam Epstein Talks Editing for SNL and “The Cutting Edge” Workshop

SNL editor Adam Epstein opens up on the incredibly fast workflow of editing for a weekly sketch comedy show.

Adam Epstein

Adam Epstein is a freelance editor. For the last five years, he’s worked with the Saturday Night Live film unit, editing parody pieces of all kinds. He’s just begun a nationwide workshop tour with “The Cutting Edge Post-Production Tour,” a day-long seminar covering techniques, theories and editing insights.

We recently spoke to Epstein about editing, working on SNL and the workshop tour.

Filmmaker: How did you become an editor?

Epstein: In my experience, it’s never a direct path. I started out in school, working on a student-run sketch comedy show, and we were able to get our hands on some of the first gear that you were able to shoot and edit with in a reasonable amount of time without having to hire someone. That’s where I got hooked on manipulating pixels and story, and the fun that comes along with that, both from a filmmaking and a tech geek perspective.

In college I had an internship at NBC in their promo/on-air department, and after that a job as a writer, producer and editor in on-air promos in Los Angeles. A lot of people think of on-air promos as less than serious, but for me it was a great place to learn how to make something out of nothing. You’re working with not the best footage, not the best shows, and you have to use your brain to come up with a story and make the footage better. After that I moved into commercial post-production, which had a more traditional, big-budget, real film workflow. That was a real learning experience as far as how to work with multiple houses for sound mixing and color, a real trial-by-fire high-pressure environment. When I came to New York and the SNL opportunity presented itself, that combination of environments gave me a wide range of experiences and styles to pull from.

Filmmaker Magazine | Read the Full Article

Answers to Frequently Asked Questions about 4K

During the live “The Benefits of Using 4K Now” webinar, presenters James Fox, Geoff Peck and Scott Hamilton presented info that content creators need to consider in the present and future when it comes to 4K.

4K vs 1080

When downsampling 4K 420 8bit, will I obtain 1080 444 10bit?

Dawnrunner Team: 4:4:4 Color sampling means that the chroma value of every pixel of the image is being sampled. 4:2:0 means that the chroma resolution is half of the actual resolution, so when shooting 4K your color resolution is actually 2k (lumanince still being sampled at 4K). Your color is already downsampled, so you won’t really benefit as greatly from further downsampling. Downsampling 8bit footage will not make it 10bit, but I do suggest working in 16 or 32 bit color anyway and you won’t lose any of the color depth you had before. While the benefits are not as great with 4:2:0 footage, there will still be a noticable difference by downsampling.

Do we not still work inside the rec709 color space? I mean, consumer 4K TVs ARE rec709, but Sony is the only one developing a rec2020 OLED display. I really see the benefit in shooting 4K and delivering 2K, but what about REAL 4K?

Dawnrunner Team: First, I do think that part of the benefit of shooting and working in 4K is not only the increased spatial resolution but also the improved color. That said, one of the biggest advantages in the having better color rendition is for the post production artists; compositors and graders will get better results when they have better footage to start with. We can’t control the how a consumer will view content, but we can support people with the best displays now. In a year or two the average consumer will be buying displays that do support wider color spaces and at least our content will be there for them to view.

PVC Coalition | Read the Full Article

Why Were People & Critics So Infatuated With Frozen?

What to say about Frozen that hasn’t been said… well let’s get meta and talk about the fact that so much has been said about Frozen!! Seriously, people LOVE analyzing and critiquing this movie. It’s inspired dozens of think-pieces, covering everything from its portrayal of gender roles, to cultural appropriation, to the definition of true love. Frozen, and its complexity, has touched something in viewers. Could it be its morphing of traditional fairy tale tropes? Watch the episode and find out!


What Are Some of the Telltale Signs of a Bad Actor?

Marcus Geduld  examines 11 telltale signs of a bad actor.

Troll 2

I’m a theatre director, and I’ll list the traits I think of as bad, though “bad acting” is subjective. I was reminded of that today, when my wife, Lisa, and I finished watching a show. Lisa has as much experience in the theatre as I do; she’s very smart and has excellent taste. But, after the show, when I was done railing about how bad the lead actor was, she said, “I thought he was really good.” So take my opinion (or anyone’s) with the grain of salt it deserves. (Though, of course, I was right and Lisa was wrong.)

1. Emotional armor. When I watch actors, I want to see vulnerability. One skill great actors have is allowing themselves to be (emotionally) naked in front of a lot of strangers. This is extremely hard, as we spend our lives learning how to not do that. I am not necessarily talking about wailing and crying. Watch Anthony Hopkins in “Remains of the Day” and you’ll know what I’m talking about.

When I work with actors, the biggest hurdles come when they try to protect themselves. Different actors do that in different ways: some flinch from the uglier sides of human nature*; others have certain feelings they’d rather not explore; some simply don’t want to look unattractive. One of the many reasons Bryan Cranston is so great (see “Breaking Bad”) is because he’ll do scenes in his underpants — literally and figuratively.

* I once worked with a good actor who had a serious emotional wall. In real life, he was a true gentleman: the kind of guy who would run into a burning building to save a child. But in the play we were doing, his character had to watch while another man molested his girlfriend.

The actor had immense trouble with the scene (and I don’t blame him). He was supposed to stand there and do nothing. He kept coming to me and saying things like, “What if I try to fight, but some of the bad guy’s henchmen hold me down?” I couldn’t let him do that. The point of the scene was that his character was totally cowed by the bad guy. His character simply loses his nerve — becomes unmanned. The actor didn’t want to explore being unmanned, and he didn’t want the audience to see him that way. It was a problem!

Huffington Post | Read the Full Article

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