By Jen Grisanti
How can you write a memorable spec script that helps get you staffed? Why is it so hard to write a TV pilot script that not only gets you noticed, but could sell?
I believe that strong writing will rise. In helping to launch countless careers, I’ve noticed some commonalities in the writers who make it. The strongest trait is belief in self and a burning desire to make it happen.
If a writer starts her career with purpose, puts the work into writing the strongest scripts possible, learns the craft of storytelling and envisions success, it will happen. Learning the craft is the part that takes time and dedication. A large part of what I teach is getting a writer to draw from her truth and fictionalize it into her writing.
I like to have writers begin by writing what I refer to as a “Log Line for your Life.” This is a way to start identifying universal life moments and themes in your own life. I believe that your well of experience is where the gold for your writing lives. When crafting a log line, you want to think “who – set-up, dilemma, action and goal.”
Log Line for your Life
To help you understand how to write log lines for your life, let’s dissect a log line from the movie, Pretty Woman: “A cutthroat businessman who wants to remain detached needs a date for some social engagements, and hires a beautiful prostitute he meets… only to fall in love.”
This log line sets up the dilemma while making us feel empathy for the central character with the words, “A cutthroat businessman who wants to remain detached needs a date for some social engagements.” Then, it gives us the action that he takes, “and hires a beautiful prostitute he meets.” The irony is the goal: “fall in love” is completely the opposite of what he set out to do.
One log line for my life is, “When a work-obsessed corporate executive experiences a perceived fall from grace when told her contract is not being renewed, she is forced to turn her plan B into plan A and discovers that her plan B was plan A all along.” The set up of the central character is, “When a work obsessed corporate executive.” The dilemma is, “experiences a perceived fall from grace when told her contract is not being renewed.” This is becoming a life experience for millions. The dilemma is prevalent. What do we do when our “moment,” which we’ve worked for all of our life, ends? The action is represented with “She is forced to turn her plan B into her plan A.” Many of us can connect with the idea that life takes a turn and we are forced to design a new plan. After this happens, many of us discover that the universe nudged us because it was our time. The goal is, “and discovers that her plan B was her plan A all along.” This is utilizing irony as well. This is very universal. We can go back to our core and figure out what made us happy about doing our jobs in the first place. Then, we can design a new plan.
By writing these types of log lines, you can find your truth. By finding your truth, you can write story from an authentic place. This will help you to identify your voice.
Next, I believe that writing a strong log line for your script, creating a powerful dilemma and having it stem into a clear goal will make your story work in the best way possible.
Writing a Log Line for your Script
Writing a log line is something that most writers do after they’ve written their script, but I encourage writers to write their log line before writing their script. Your log line is your story. It is your roadmap. It tells you where you are going and how you plan to get there. It also tells you if you are taking a wrong turn. If your log line doesn’t work, more often than not, something about your story is not working. As discussed earlier, when you’re thinking of your log line, you want to think, “who, dilemma, action, and goal.” When describing your dilemma, draw a picture that makes us feel empathy for your central character. Next, include the action that he or she takes as a result of the dilemma and, finally, include your character’s goal. Very often, your central character’s goal at the end of the story winds up being the opposite of what it was at the start. This is where irony comes into play. Irony is a key part of a successful log line and, therefore, a key part of a successful story.
What is a dilemma? Wikipedia offers this definition, “A dilemma is a problem offering at least two solutions or possibilities, of which none are practically acceptable; one in this position has been traditionally described as ‘being on the horns of a dilemma,’ neither horn being comfortable; or ‘being between a rock and a hard place,’ since both objects or metaphorical choices are rough.” Dilemmas provide tremendous opportunity for drama. If you add dilemma to your stories or strengthen your existing dilemmas, it will elevate your writing. We’ve all been through dilemmas. Start to be conscious of the dilemmas you have faced and are facing in your life.
In my experience, I have come to view the set up of the central character’s goal and/or dilemma as the most important component of story. I believe that it is the key to the success or failure of your story. When a goal and dilemma are clear, your story has a much stronger chance of working because your obstacle, your escalating obstacle, your mid-point and your “all is lost” moment will all need to reflect back to your goal. If your goal and dilemma are unclear, then you will be unable to structure your story in the best way possible. When I see films that slightly miss the mark, I can almost always pinpoint a lack of clarity in the set up of the goal and strength of the dilemma of the central character as the major offending factor. If the goal and dilemma are not properly established, your audience won’t know what they’re rooting for.
Goals and Dilemmas
When you’re thinking about your goal, think, “What does your character want to achieve?”
It wasn’t until these last few years of analyzing story that I really recognized the power of the goal and dilemma. If the goal and dilemma are clear, the story has a much better chance of working because your audience understands what your central character wants and is able to root for him to achieve his goal. All the pivotal moments in your story — your obstacle, your escalating obstacle, your turning point and your “all is lost moment” — should reflect back to your goal and escalate your character’s journey to achieving it. If you don’t clearly set up the goal, these moments will lose the impact they could have.
When a writer has really mastered the use of goal and dilemma, it resonates in every scene, building, escalating, twisting, and truly feeling the all-is-lost moment before the writer leads her reader to the resolution of the goal.
I believe that if you learn to fictionalize your truth by writing “Log Lines for your Life” and you create powerful dilemmas that lead to clear goals, you will elevate the chance of your story working in the best way possible.
Jen Grisanti is a Story Consultant, Independent Producer, Writing Instructor for NBC’s Writers on the Verge, Blogger for The Huffington Post and author of the upcoming book, Story Line: Finding the Gold In Your Life Story.
Grisanti started her career as an assistant to Aaron Spelling 15 years ago. Aaron was her mentor for the next 12 years as she climbed the ranks and eventually ran Current Programs at Spelling Television Inc., covering all of Spelling’s shows including Beverly Hills, 90210, Melrose Place and Charmed. In 20…
Source with permission: The Writers Store